The mission of the Ph.D. program in epidemiology is to educate and train students to become independent, competent and self-directed research scientists so they can conduct outstanding clinical and population-based research. Students will learn methods for studying disease etiology and prevention in populations and evaluating interventions, diagnostic tests and treatment efficacy; they will implement such methods in an independent research study under the mentorship of an experienced epidemiology researcher.
- Critical foundation skills: The program is designed to provide students with the critical skills required to advance to positions as epidemiological researchers/trainers in a broad spectrum of positions.
- Mastery and application of science: The structure of the program provides a framework for the progressive development of a mastery of the current state of the subject matter of epidemiology and ability to synthesize this information and apply this foundation to the identification of key areas of investigation/experimentation in bioscience.
- Communication: Students will develop skills in the various means of communicating both the core of epidemiological knowledge and the expression of epidemiological methodology, research design, results and interpretation to a variety of potential audiences.
Student learning outcomes
Students in the doctoral program in epidemiology will develop competencies in the following areas, as described below.
- Integrated knowledge of epidemiology: Students will demonstrate an appropriate level of knowledge of theories of disease causation as well as bias in epidemiologic research and demonstrate in-depth understanding of one or more substantive theories related to research. Students will be able to appropriately link theoretical frameworks to the design, conduct and interpretation of epidemiologic research and demonstrate familiarity with the research literature and the ability to evaluate and critique publications appropriate to an independent research scientist.
- Problem-solving skills: Students will be able to appropriately apply epidemiologic and statistical methods for research needs, demonstrating proficiency in selecting the appropriate measures of association for the research at hand and correctly implementing analytic techniques, including addressing issues such as confounding and effect modification. Students will be able to evaluate and interpret results, explaining relationships between determinant(s) and outcome(s) under study.
- Research design: Students will construct and develop novel epidemiologic research questions, demonstrating proficiency in selecting the most appropriate study designs such that bias is minimized and efficiency maximized. Students will understand the required elements to estimate sample size, know how to identify and minimize bias and confounders through study design and analysis, and demonstrate knowledge of the impact of measurement issues on study validity.
- Written communication skills: Students will demonstrate proficiency in scientific writing, including manuscript development, grant writing and writing for multiple audiences, including lay audiences and policy-makers. Students will demonstrate an appropriate level of written communication skill with respect to grammar, syntax, spelling and use of vocabulary to effectively present information, including the use of figures, tables and citations.
- Oral communication skills: Students will demonstrate effective oral communication skills across disciplines, framing questions appropriately and implementing active listening skills in delivering oral presentations to professional audiences, lecturing to students or leading discussions. Students will appropriately use audio/visual technologies to develop effective presentations with respect to content, organization and appropriate use of language.
VCU Graduate Bulletin, VCU Graduate School and general academic policies and regulations for all graduate students in all graduate programs
The VCU Graduate Bulletin website documents the official admission and academic rules and regulations that govern graduate education for all graduate programs at the university. These policies are established by the graduate faculty of the university through their elected representatives to the University Graduate Council.
It is the responsibility of all graduate students, both on- and off-campus, to be familiar with the VCU Graduate Bulletin as well as the Graduate School website and academic regulations in individual school and department publications and on program websites. However, in all cases, the official policies and procedures of the University Graduate Council, as published on the VCU Graduate Bulletin and Graduate School websites, take precedence over individual program policies and guidelines.
Visit the academic regulations section for additional information on academic regulations for graduate students.
Degree candidacy requirements
A graduate student admitted to a program or concentration requiring a final research project, work of art, thesis or dissertation, must qualify for continuing master’s or doctoral status according to the degree candidacy requirements of the student’s graduate program. Admission to degree candidacy, if applicable, is a formal statement by the graduate student’s faculty regarding the student’s academic achievements and the student’s readiness to proceed to the final research phase of the degree program.
Graduate students and program directors should refer to the following degree candidacy policy as published in the VCU Graduate Bulletin for complete information and instructions.
Visit the academic regulations section for additional information on degree candidacy requirements.
As graduate students approach the end of their academic programs and the final semester of matriculation, they must make formal application to graduate. No degrees will be conferred until the application to graduate has been finalized.
Graduate students and program directors should refer to the following graduation requirements as published in the Graduate Bulletin for a complete list of instructions and a graduation checklist.
Visit the academic regulations section for additional information on graduation requirements.
School of Medicine graduate program policies
The School of Medicine provides policies applicable to all programs administratively housed in the school. Information on doctoral programs is available elsewhere in this chapter of the Graduate Bulletin.
Apply online at sophas.org.
|Degree:||Semester(s) of entry:||Deadline dates:||Test requirements:|
|Ph.D.||Fall||Feb 1 (application strongly encouraged by this date)||GRE, TOEFL/IELTS|
- Applicants must hold a master’s degree, preferably in public health or a related field, and provide test scores as detailed below. Applicants must provide all required materials as described herein and in the VCU Admissions graduate application checklist.
In addition to the general admission requirements of the VCU Graduate School, applicants must meet the following minimum qualifications.
- Prior degree: Master’s degree in public health (M.P.H.) or equivalent M.S. degree, (e.g., sociology, biology, mathematics) with a minimum GPA of 3.0
- GRE: Current GRE test results (taken within the past five years) with scores at or above the 75th percentile preferred in all components of the exam (e.g., minimum scores of 159 quantitative, 157 verbal and 4.5 analytical writing)
- TOEFL: For non-native speakers of English, recommended minimum scores of either 100iBT, 600 PBT or IELTS scores of 6.5 (academic band score)
- Personal statement: Applicants must include a personal statement that indicates their reasons for pursuing a doctoral degree in epidemiology, their particular areas of research focus or study, the departmental faculty advisers with whom the students would prefer to work, and career goals upon graduation.
- Reference letters: Students must submit three letters of recommendation from three individuals who can assess the applicant’s qualifications for graduate school. Letters from past professors or faculty advisers are most appropriate.
- Current CV or resume: Students must submit a current CV or resume.
In addition to the general VCU Graduate School graduation requirements, students will be required to complete a minimum of 61 graduate credit hours as follows:
- Four core courses focusing on epidemiological methods (12 credit hours)
- Two core courses focusing on biostatistical theory and methods (six credit hours)
- Four semesters of journal club (four credit hours)
- Three courses of methodological electives (nine credit hours)
- Three courses of substantive area electives, with at least one relating to the biological processes associated with the student’s chosen substantive area (nine credit hours)
- A minimum of two credit hours of practical research skills development
- At least one course in the responsible conduct of research (one credit hour)
- At least 18 credit hours of directed dissertation research
Students will also be required to complete the following:
- Assistantship: All doctoral students are required to work an average of 20 hours per week under the direction of their adviser as part of experiential program training. This 20-hour-per-week requirement is met by work in a research assistantship and at least one semester of a teaching assistantship.
- Research assistantship: Research program support exposes students to a variety of aspects of developing and implementing research plans and programs. Work includes drafting manuscripts or preparing presentations for refereed conferences, conducting research activities in the community, traveling to attend research team meetings, or regular work with research team members.
- Teaching assistantship: All doctoral students are required to serve as teaching assistants for at least one semester before graduation. The student and her/his adviser discuss and select the course that is best-suited for the teaching assistantship. During the semester(s) when students engage in the teaching assistantship, teaching hours count toward the experiential training requirement and are combined with research hours to meet the expected 20-hour-per-week training time.
- Seminar attendance: All students are expected to attend all doctoral level Division of Epidemiology seminars during their tenure in the program. These seminars are generally held every other week during fall and spring semesters. In addition, students must attend any special public health seminars offered collaboratively by the public health departments. These special seminars may occur one to two times each semester.
- Grant application submission: All students are expected to submit at least one grant application related to their dissertation to a federal agency or nongovernmental organization (according to student eligibility) to gain grantsmanship experience. The adviser guides the student on the timing for submission of this grant application and the appropriate funding organization or agency.
Comprehensive examinations include a written examination and an oral candidacy examination. The written examination assesses knowledge of completed didactic course work on core epidemiological and biostatistical methods as well as a tailored substantive section based on the student’s research focus. The oral candidacy examination is based upon the student’s dissertation proposal, which consists of three proposed research projects.
Written comprehensive examination
Students are expected to take the written comprehensive examination after completing all didactic program courses (typically the program core, a practical research skills course, a responsible conduct of research course and 18 credits of elective course work). Program expectation for satisfactory academic progress is that students complete the written comprehensive examination by the end of the second academic year (i.e., no later than the end of the second summer semester). Exceptions beyond this time limit must be approved by the student’s adviser and the graduate program director based on the student’s submission of a written explanation for the delay in progress. This written explanation must include a plan of action and schedule for completing the written comprehensive examination by the date approved by the student’s faculty adviser.
Oral candidacy examination
After passing the written comprehensive examinations, the student is eligible for the oral candidacy examination. For this examination, the student prepares background and methods for three proposed research projects in a focused area of dissertation research.
To maintain satisfactory academic progress in the program, students should complete the oral candidacy examination by the end of third fall semester. Exceptions beyond this time limit must be approved by the student’s committee and the graduate program director based on the student’s submission of a written explanation for the delay in progress. This written explanation must include a plan of action and schedule for completing the oral candidacy examination by the date approved by the student’s dissertation adviser.
Upon successful completion of the oral candidacy examination, the student will embark upon the dissertation research.
- The dissertation must be a hypothesis-based, analytical epidemiology project designed by the student under the supervision of the faculty adviser and dissertation advisory committee members as appropriate. The dissertation consists of a minimum of three papers prepared in manuscript style and suitable for submission to a peer-reviewed journal.
- The student submits at least one of the three manuscripts from the dissertation to a peer-reviewed journal before the student schedules the final defense.
To maintain satisfactory academic progress in the program, students should schedule the dissertation examination by the second semester of the fourth year. Exceptions beyond this time limit must be approved by the student’s committee and the graduate program director based on the student’s submission of a written explanation for the delay in progress. Plans for completion of the dissertation examination will be considered on an individual basis. Failure to maintain satisfactory academic progress may result in a grade of U (unsatisfactory) for the dissertation work.
Satisfactory academic progress
Satisfactory academic progress may be assessed on multiple factors, including progress on dissertation development in accordance with timelines established between the student and adviser and/or committee; lack of professional conduct, including communication lapses or failure to communicate with the adviser and/or committee about delays in progress and/or absence from research work; honor policy violations or academic misconduct; and failure to maintain continuous enrollment without an approved leave of absence.
|Required core courses|
|BIOS 573||Analysis of Biomedical Data II||3|
|EPID 649||Analysis of Health Datasets||3|
|EPID 650||Epidemiologic Methods for Research||3|
|EPID 651||Intermediate Epidemiologic Methods for Research||3|
|EPID 652||Advanced Epidemiologic Methods and Data Analysis||3|
|EPID 690||Journal Club (taken four semesters)||4|
|STAT 643||Applied Linear Regression||3|
|Required additional courses|
|Practical research skills development: Select a minimum of two credits from the following.||2|
|Grant Writing and Project Management in Health Related Sciences|
|Research Processes and Methods for the Health Professions|
|The Academic Profession|
|Teaching and Learning in Higher Education|
|Teaching, Learning, Technology and the Future of Higher Education|
|Responsible research conduct: Select at least one of the following.||1|
|Responsible Scientific Conduct|
|Responsible Conduct of Research|
|Methodological electives: Select nine credits from the following.||9|
|Spatial Data Analysis|
|Statistical Methods for High-throughput Genomics Data I|
|Mixed Models and Longitudinal Data Analysis|
|Statistical Methods for High-throughput Genomic Data II|
|Design Implications in Clinical Trials|
|Adaptive Clinical Trials|
|Special Topics in Translational Research|
|Maternal and Child Health|
|Epidemiology of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders|
|Applied Health Services Research|
|Survey Research Methods and Analysis for Health Policy|
|Mathematical and Statistical Genetics|
|Genetic Analysis of Complex Traits|
|Applied Pharmacoepidemiology Research Methods|
|Survey Research Methods|
|Community Interventions: Development, Implementation and Evaluation|
|Disseminating, Adopting and Adapting Evidence-based Prevention Programs|
|Structural Equation Modeling|
|Community-based Participatory Research|
|Applications in Qualitative Research Methods|
|Social Network Analysis|
|Introduction to Geographic Information Systems|
|Community Socioeconomic Analysis Using GIS|
|Spatial Database Management and GIS Modeling|
|GIS Applications in Urban Design|
|Substantive area electives: Select three courses of substantive area electives, at least one relating to the biological processes associated with the student’s chosen substantive area from the following.||9|
|Public Health Policy and Politics|
|Maternal and Child Health|
|Epidemiology of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders|
|Biological and Physiological Aging|
|Psychology of Aging|
|Problems, Issues and Trends in Gerontology|
|Aging and Human Values|
|Health System Organization, Financing and Performance|
|Health Care Law and Bioethics|
|Health Care Politics and Policy|
|Foundations of Health Service Organization Theory|
|Advanced Health Service Organization Theory|
|Foundations in Health Services Research Methods|
|Health Services Research and Policy I|
|Health Services Research and Policy II|
|Economics of Health Disparities|
|Introduction to Human Genetics|
|Advanced Human Genetics|
|Current Literature in Human Molecular Genetics|
|Principles of Human Behavioral Genetics|
|Public Health Preparedness|
|Biological Basis of Behavior|
|Culture, Ethnicity and Health|
|Theoretical Foundations of Social and Behavioral Health|
|Disseminating, Adopting and Adapting Evidence-based Prevention Programs|
|Health Disparities and Social Justice|
|Social Work Practice and Psychopharmacology|
|Interpersonal Violence in Clinical Social Work Practice|
|EPID 697||Directed Research in Epidemiology||18|
The minimum total of graduate credit hours required for this degree is 61.
Typical plan of study
Many students often end up taking more than the minimum number of hours required for a degree program. The total number of hours may vary depending upon the program, nature of research being conducted by a study or in the enrollment or funding status of the student. A typical plan of study is available on the department’s website.
Juan Lu, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.D.
Associate professor and graduate program director
Director of educational programs, Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family Medicine and Population Health
Program website: familymedicine.vcu.edu/epidemiology/phd