This is the preliminary (or launch) version of the 2020-21 VCU Bulletin. This edition includes all programs and courses approved by the publication deadline; however we may receive notification of additional program approvals after the launch. The final edition and full PDF version will include these updates and will be available in August prior to the beginning of the fall semester.

The Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies requires a minimum of 120 credits.

Along with the general education requirements of VCU Life Sciences, this curriculum requires 32-33 credits in core science and mathematics courses and 37-38 credits in environmental studies core courses.

Learning outcomes

Upon completing this program, students will be able to demonstrate the following:

  • Relate the principles and interconnections of environmental science and policy
  • Demonstrate the ability to use basic environmental skills within the research processes
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of basic biological concepts and their integration
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of basic ecological concepts and integration
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of basic earth science concepts and their integration

Special requirements

The Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies requires a minimum 2.0 cumulative average in all major course work and a minimum of 34 credits of upper-level (e.g., 3XX, 4XX, or 5XX) approved courses. To meet the University Core capstone (Tier III) requirement, students are required to complete ENVS 499 and an additional course as approved by the unit. This additional course credit will count toward the electives for this major.

Degree requirements for Environmental Studies, Bachelor of Science (B.S.)

General Education requirements

CourseTitleHours
University Core Education Curriculum (minimum 21 credits)
UNIV 111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry I [View Image]
Focused Inquiry I3
UNIV 112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry II [View Image]
Focused Inquiry II3
UNIV 200Inquiry and the Craft of Argument3
Approved humanities/fine arts3
Approved natural/physical sciences3-4
Approved quantitative literacy3-4
Approved social/behavioral sciences3-4
Total Hours21-24
CourseTitleHours
Additional general education requirements
STAT 210Basic Practice of Statistics3
or STAT 212 Concepts of Statistics
Completion of a foreign language through the 102 level or an equivalent course or by placement0-8
Total Hours3-11

Major requirements

CourseTitleHours
BIOL 151
BIOZ 151
Introduction to Biological Sciences I
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I
4
BIOL 152
BIOZ 152
Introduction to Biological Sciences II
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II
4
BIOL 317Ecology3
CHEM 101
CHEZ 101
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry Laboratory I
4
CHEM 102
CHEZ 102
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry Laboratory II
4
ENVS 101Introduction to Environmental Studies I3
ENVS 102Introduction to Environmental Studies II3
ENVS 105Physical Geology3
or URSP 204 Physical Geography
ENVS 222Electronic Portfolios1
ENVS/POLI 311Politics of the Environment3
ENVS 321Cartography3
ECON 325Environmental Economics3
ENVS 330/BIOL 332Environmental Pollution3
ENVS 343Data Literacy4
ENVS 355Water3
ENVS 401Meteorology and Climatology3
ENVS 499Environmental Studies Capstone Experience (Tier III Capstone)0
MATH 151Precalculus Mathematics (by course or placement)4
PHYS 201General Physics I4-5
or PHYS 207 University Physics I
Major electives12
Total Hours71-72

Open electives

CourseTitleHours
Open elective credits (up to a total of 120 credits)13-25
Total Hours13-25

The minimum total of credit hours required for this degree is 120.

Possible major electives

Select any ENVS or ENVZ course or choose from the courses listed below.

CourseTitleHours
BIOL 103Environmental Science4
BIOL 307Aquatic Ecology3
BIOL 312Invertebrate Zoology3
BIOL 313Vertebrate Natural History3
BIOL 314Animal Reproduction3
BIOL 320Biology of the Seed Plant4
BIOL 321Plant Development3
BIOL 322Economic Botany3
BIOL 332Environmental Pollution3
BIOL 333Evolution of the Angiosperms3
BIOL 335Global Change Biology3
BIOL 402Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy5
BIOL 403Primatology4
BIOL 411Physiology3
BIOL 415Mangrove Avian Field Ecology4
BIOL 416Ornithology3
BIOL 422Forest Ecology4
BIOL 423Plant Physiology3
BIOL 425 Play VideoPlay course video for Field Botany [View Image]
Field Botany3
BIOL 430Invasion Biology3
BIOL 431Introduction to Marine Biology3
BIOL 459Infectious Disease Ecology3
BIOL 480Animal-Plant Interactions3
BIOL 497Ecological Service Learning1
BIOL 498Insects and Plants Service-learning2
BIOL 507Aquatic Microbiology4
BIOL 508Barrier Island Ecology3
BIOL 510Conservation Biology3
BIOL 512Plant Diversity and Evolution4
BIOL 514Stream Ecology4
BIOL 516Population Genetics3
BIOL 518Plant Ecology4
BIOL 519Forest Ecology4
BIOL 520Population Ecology3
BIOL 521Community Ecology3
BIOL 522Evolution and Speciation3
BIOL 535Wetlands Ecology4
BIOL 545Biological Complexity3
BIOL 550Ecological Genetics3
BIOZ 307Aquatic Ecology Laboratory1
BIOZ 312Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory1
BIOZ 313Vertebrate Natural History Laboratory1
BIOZ 317Ecology Laboratory2
BIOZ 416Ornithology Laboratory2
ENGL 368Nature Writing3
POLI 386Environmental Security3
SOCY 350Environmental Sociology3
SOCY 420Environmental Racism3
URSP 332Environmental Management3
URSP 545Sustainable Energy Policy and Planning3

What follows is a sample plan that meets the prescribed requirements within a four-year course of study at VCU. Please contact your adviser before beginning course work toward a degree.

Freshman year
Fall semesterHours
ENVS 101Introduction to Environmental Studies I3
ENVS 222Electronic Portfolios1
MATH 141Algebra with Applications4
UNIV 111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry I [View Image]
Focused Inquiry I3
University Core course (natural/physical sciences)3
University Core course (social/behavioral sciences)3
 Term Hours: 17
Spring semester
CHEM 101
CHEZ 101
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry Laboratory I
4
ENVS 102Introduction to Environmental Studies II3
MATH 151Precalculus Mathematics (satisfies University Core quantitative literacy)4
UNIV 112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry II [View Image]
Focused Inquiry II3
 Term Hours: 14
Sophomore year
Fall semester
BIOL 151
BIOZ 151
Introduction to Biological Sciences I
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I
4
CHEM 102
CHEZ 102
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry Laboratory II
4
UNIV 200Inquiry and the Craft of Argument3
Foreign language (101-level)4
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
BIOL 152
BIOZ 152
Introduction to Biological Sciences II
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II
4
ENVS 105
Physical Geology
or Physical Geography
3
STAT 210Basic Practice of Statistics3
Foreign language (102-level)4
 Term Hours: 14
Junior year
Fall semester
BIOL 317Ecology3
ENVS/POLI 311Politics of the Environment3
ENVS 330/BIOL 332Environmental Pollution3
PHYS 201General Physics I4
Open elective2
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ENVS 321Cartography3
ECON 325Environmental Economics3
ENVS 355Water3
Major electives3
University Core course (quantitative literacy)3
 Term Hours: 15
Senior year
Fall semester
ENVS 343Data Literacy4
ENVS 499Environmental Studies Capstone Experience (taken with capstone appropriate corequisite)0
Major elective6
Open electives2
University Core course (humanities/fine arts)3
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ENVS 401Meteorology and Climatology3
Major elective3
Open electives9
 Term Hours: 15
 Total Hours: 120

The minimum total of credit hours required for this degree is 120.

The accelerated B.S. and M.Envs. program allows qualified students to earn both the B.S .in Environmental Studies and the Master of Environmental Studies in a minimum of five years by completing approved graduate courses during the senior year of their undergraduate program. Students in the program may count up to 12 hours of graduate courses toward both the B.S. and M.Envs. degrees. Thus, the two degrees may be earned with a minimum of 141 credits rather than the 153 credits necessary if the two degrees are pursued separately.

Admission to the program

Minimum qualifications for admittance to the program include completion of 90 undergraduate credit hours, an overall GPA of 3.0 and a GPA of 3.3 in courses required by the environmental studies major. Successful applicants would enter the accelerated program in the fall semester of their senior year. 

Undergraduate students must have departmental approval to participate in an accelerated program and must apply for admission to the master's program prior to beginning their final year of full-time undergraduate study. The entry term for the master's program will be the next available admission term following the last semester of undergraduate study. Admission to the master’s program is provisional until the undergraduate degree has been conferred. Upon completion and conferral of the undergraduate degree, students are fully admitted to the master’s program.

It is recommended that candidates submit applications for admission to the accelerated program during the beginning of the spring semester of their junior year, but no later than Feb. 1. Two reference letters (at least one from an environmental studies faculty member) must accompany the application. Students who are interested in the accelerated program should consult with the program director to the master’s program during their junior year and before they have completed 90 credits toward the B.S. degree.

Once admitted into the accelerated program, students must meet the standards of performance applicable to graduate students as described in the “Satisfactory academic progress” section of the Graduate Bulletin, including maintaining a 3.0 GPA. Guidance to students admitted to the accelerated program is provided by both the undergraduate environmental studies adviser and the faculty adviser to the graduate program.

Degree requirements

The Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies degree will be awarded upon completion of a minimum of 120 credits and the satisfactory completion of all undergraduate degree requirements as stated in the Undergraduate Bulletin.

A maximum of 12 graduate credits may be taken prior to completion of the baccalaureate degree. Six of these graduate credits will be allowed to substitute for required undergraduate courses.

BS-MEnvs courses
Shared graduate classUndergraduate requirements fulfilledCredits
ENVS 543 Environmental Data LiteracySTAT 314 Application of Statistics3
ENVS 550 Ecological Risk AssessmentENVS 330 Environmental Pollution3

The remaining six credits may be chosen from the approved list below. These courses are shared credits with the graduate program, meaning that they will be applied to both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements.

CourseTitleHours
ENVS 521Introduction to Geographic Information Systems3
ENVS 591Topics in Environmental Studies1-4
ENVS 601Survey in Environmental Studies3
ENVS 603Environmental Research Methods3

Recommended course sequence/plan of study

What follows is the recommended plan of study for students interested in the accelerated program beginning in the fall of the junior year prior to admission to the accelerated program in the senior year.  List of approved graduate electives are found on the graduate program bulletin for the M.Envs. program.

CourseTitleHours
Junior year
Fall semester
BIOL 317Ecology3
ENVS 311Politics of the Environment3
ENVS 330Environmental Pollution3
ENVS 521Introduction to Geographic Information Systems3
PHYS 201General Physics I4
Term Hours: 16
Spring semester
ECON 325Environmental Economics3
ENVS 543Environmental Data Literacy (satisfies STAT 314 requirement)3
Major elective4
Open electives5
Term Hours: 15
Senior year
Fall semester
ENVS 499Environmental Studies Capstone Experience (taken with capstone appropriate corequisite)0
ENVS 550Ecological Risk Assessment (satisfies ENVS 330 requirement)3
ENVS 601Survey in Environmental Studies3
Major electives3
Open electives3
University Core course (humanities/fine arts)3
Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ENVS 401Meteorology and Climatology3
ENVS 411Oceanography3
ENVS 603Environmental Research Methods3
Open electives6
Term Hours:15
Fifth year
Fall semester
OVPR 601Scientific Integrity1
ENVS 692Independent Study3
or ENVS 693 Internship in Environmental Studies
Gradaute electives (500 and 600 level)8
Term Hours: 12
Spring semester
Graduate electives (500 or 600 level)9
Term Hours: 9

Environmental Studies

ENVS 101. Introduction to Environmental Studies I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Enrollment is restricted to environmental studies majors. Study of contemporary issues related to environmental studies including sustainability, biological conservation, global change and an overview of the core earth systems.

ENVS 102. Introduction to Environmental Studies II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENVS 101 or permission of instructor. Enrollment is restricted to environmental studies majors. Studies of contemporary issues related to government policy and environmental issues at local to international scales.

ENVS 105. Physical Geology. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. A descriptive approach to physical geology dealing with the history and structure of the earth, catastrophic events and geology as it relates to the contemporary environment. An optional laboratory, ENVZ 105, may be taken with this course.

ENVS 201. Earth System Science. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An introduction to the processes of and linkages among the major systems that drive planet Earth. The biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and sociosphere are presented as dynamic and interdependent systems.

ENVS 222. Electronic Portfolios. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 lecture hour (delivered online). 1 credit. This online course will guide individuals in developing an electronic portfolio consisting of student-curated collections of specific academic work, bibliographic information and a curriculum vitae used throughout their academic career. Graded as pass/fail.

ENVS 260. Outdoor Leadership. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course is designed to provide an introduction to the concepts and skills needed to work and lead teams in outdoor settings. Topics include the historical and philosophical foundations of outdoor leadership, outdoor teaching and facilitation, safety and risk management, and environmental stewardship. The course includes classroom and field application components.

ENVS 291. Special Topics in Environmental Studies. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated with different topics for a maximum of 12 credits. An introductory investigation into a selected topic salient to environmental studies. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics being offered each semester.

ENVS 300. Sustainable Societies: James River Basin. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course explores the 25 most critical social, economic and environmental issues in the region in a global context. It examines how people are tackling the issues of sustainably and turning them into opportunities.

ENVS 301. Introduction to Meteorology. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An introductory course designed to provide the student with an overview of the structures and processes that cause weather. These include atmospheric circulations and the weather patterns that we observe. Emphasis will be placed upon the tracking and display of weather phenomena, as well as their forecast movement and impact.

ENVS 310. Introduction to Oceanography. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An introductory course designed to provide the student with an overview of the structures and processes of the world's oceans. These include the systems that impact the oceans: the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the geosphere, the biosphere and the sociosphere. Emphasis will be placed upon hands-on techniques for understanding these systems, including online simulations and in-class activities.

ENVS 311. Politics of the Environment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An exploration of the current controversy about environmental politics and the issues and crises it centers on. Special attention will be given to the constitutional, political and geographical factors in the development of environmental policy and the organized effort to deal with governmental actions and inaction and its impact on policy outcomes. Crosslisted as: POLI 311.

ENVS 314. Man and Environment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. A comparative study of the ecology and natural history of human populations, including the environments as determining factors in the evolution of human institutions and technology, resources management, and population crises; cultural traditions as mechanisms of population control; basic theory of population biology. Crosslisted as: INTL 314.

ENVS 315. Energy and the Environment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Enrollment restricted to non-physics majors with junior or senior standing; not applicable to the physics major. A study of society's demands for energy, how it is currently being met, the environmental consequences thereof and some discussion of alternatives. Crosslisted as: PHYS 315.

ENVS 321. Cartography. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MATH 131, STAT 208, or higher level MATH or STAT course. This course provides an introduction to the art and science behind the presentation of spatial information using maps and charts. Students will develop visual thinking and communication skills while applying cartographic theory to address contemporary practical problems. Students must have a laptop able to run ArcGIS Online.

ENVS 330. Environmental Pollution. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: eight credits in biology. The study of pollution in the environment with emphasis on the procedures for detection and abatement. Crosslisted as: BIOL 332.

ENVS 332. Environmental Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: URSP 204. An interdisciplinary review of domestic and international environmental problems and their underlying causes, current management frameworks, alternative management approaches and strategies, and barriers to their implementation. Other topics include: environmental history and economics, population growth, natural resources use, biodiversity, pollution. Crosslisted as: URSP 332.

ENVS 335. Environmental Geology. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENVS 105 or URSP 204. The relationship between humankind and the physical environment, earth materials and processes, geological hazards, water, mineral and energy resources, land use, and environmental health and law.

ENVS 343. Data Literacy. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: STAT 210. This course takes a hands-on, collaborative approach for students to develop proficiency in the application of data management skills, static and dynamic data visualization, and quantitative analyses of environmental and geospatial datasets. Students will be required to bring their own laptop and analyses and visualization will be performed using the R statistical programming language.

ENVS 355. Water. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: BIOL 317 or ENVS 330 or permission of instructor. The course takes an ecosystem approach to understanding the functioning of streams, rivers, lakes, estuaries and oceans. The course complements curricula in biology and environmental studies and is specifically geared toward students with an interest in the water resources profession.

ENVS 360. Outdoor Programming and Event Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course is designed to provide students with information and practical experience required to successfully design, promote, implement and evaluate outdoor experiential programming across a range of contexts.

ENVS 361. Outdoor Team Building and Group Facilitation. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course is designed to provide students with the theory and practice of developing and deploying a successful outdoor recreational, educational, interpretive or adventure experience. In doing so, students will learn about group dynamics, team building, risk management and inquiry-based learning techniques.

ENVS 368. Nature Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the literary genre of nature writing in English. Crosslisted as: ENGL 368.

ENVS 391. Special Topics in Environmental Studies. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated with different topics for a maximum of 12 credits. A detailed investigation into a selected topic salient to environmental studies. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics being offered each semester.

ENVS 401. Meteorology and Climatology. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. Prerequisite: PHYS 201 or PHYS 207. A basic, semiquantitative course in the elements of weather and climate, their driving forces and their spatial and temporal distribution and variability. Atmospheric motions and circulation, weather forecasting, human impact on weather and climate.

ENVS 411. Oceanography. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 151, BIOL 152 and CHEM 102. A basic course in the physical, chemical and geological properties of oceans and ocean basins. Origin and character of ocean basins, properties of oceanic waters, oceanic circulation, land-sea interactions, marine environments and ecology.

ENVS 421. Environmental Data Visualization. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: STAT 314. This is an introductory course in using databases and geospatial technology. The course will introduce students to computer technology, project development and management skills, database management skills, and geospatial technology. Students will use in-class applied environmental analyses to guide skill-set development. The course will introduce the students to working with data in various formats and using the ArcGIS software suite to visualize the data. Students will be introduced to Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Access, ESRI ArcGIS software suite and ESRI ArcGIS Online.

ENVS 460. Wilderness First Responder. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course is intended for anyone working in a position of leadership in an outdoor setting or for individuals who want a high level of wilderness medical training for working in remote field settings, extended personal backcountry trips or expeditions. The course is a comprehensive and in-depth look at the standards and skills of dealing with response and assessment, musculoskeletal injuries, environmental emergencies and survival skills, soft tissue injuries, and medical emergencies. Additional topics, such as CPR, are also included. Wilderness First Responder training is the industry standard for those who work as government and nongovernment field technicians, backcountry trip leaders, camp counselors, mountain guides, river guides and ski patrollers.

ENVS 461. Wilderness Policy and Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 1 field experience hours. 3 credits. This course takes a multidisciplinary and experiential look at the concept of wilderness. Learning spans from the classroom to a first-hand wilderness experience, and materials include environmental law, natural resources management, environmental philosophy and ethics, regional and local history, and conservation science. Throughout students will focus on the intersection between society, biodiversity and the wilderness concept in principle and practice.

ENVS 490. Research Seminar in Environmental Studies. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: senior standing and at least 12 hours of approved environmental studies course work. An interdisciplinary examination of problems and issues central to environmental studies. Environmental research of VCU faculty will be reviewed, and selected local environmental problems will be studied. Each student will complete a research project focusing on a specific environmental question.

ENVS 491. Topics in Environmental Studies. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated with different topics for a maximum of 12 credits. An in-depth study of a selected environmental topic. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics to be offered each semester and prerequisites.

ENVS 492. Independent Study. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. Variable credit. Maximum of 3 credits per semester; maximum total of 6 credits for all topics courses. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor.

ENVS 493. Environmental Studies Internship. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-3 credits per semester. Maximum total of 6 credits. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor. Graded as pass/fail.

ENVS 499. Environmental Studies Capstone Experience. 0 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 0 credits. Corequisite: ENVS 490, ENVS 491 (when topics implement core competencies required for a capstone experience and are approved by the director of the Center for Environmental Studies), ENVS 492 or ENVS 493. Enrollment restricted to students who have completed 90 hours of undergraduate course work. Any of the corequisite courses qualify as a capstone experience if taken with this course. Graded as pass/fail.

Life Sciences

LFSC 101. Academic and Career Options in Life Sciences. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Students interested in the life sciences at VCU are faced with an enormous variety of academic options from bioinformatics and biomedical engineering to exercise science and nursing. Students outside of these programs have post-graduate opportunities in the life sciences, such as health care administration and government policy. This course will introduce students to an overview of all of the academic programs in life sciences available at VCU and their associated potential career options. Graded as pass/fail.

LFSC 191. Special Topics in Integrative Life Sciences. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated for credit with different topics. A 100-level study of a selected topic in integrative life sciences. Students will find specific topics and prerequisites for each special topics course listed in the Schedule of Classes. If multiple topics are offered, students may elect to take more than one.

LFSC 251. Phage Discovery I. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 4 laboratory hours. 2 credits. Corequisite: BIOL 151 or 152. An exploratory laboratory where students will purify phage from soil, visualize phage using electron microscopy and isolate genomic material for nucleic acid sequencing. Registration by override only. Crosslisted as: BNFO 251.

LFSC 252. Phage Discovery II. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 4 laboratory hours. 2 credits. Corequisite: BIOL 151 or 152. An exploratory laboratory where students will learn about the genomes of viruses infecting bacteria. Students will be given the genome sequence of a novel virus, which will be the basis for a series of computer-based analyses to understand the biology of the virus and to compare it with other viruses that infect the same host. Registration by override only. Crosslisted as: BNFO 252.

LFSC 301. Integrative Life Sciences Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 1 recitation hours. 3 credits. Pre- or corequisite: UNIV 200 or HONR 200. Students will leave this course knowing enough about science and the process of science to feel confident in critically evaluating scientific information and/or embarking on their own process of discovery with a faculty mentor. They will gain an appreciation of the interdisciplinary and complex nature of life sciences and will hone their critical thinking about how science interacts with and informs society.

LFSC 307. Community Solutions: Multiple Perspectives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: PSYC 101. Explores possibilities for addressing social concerns of the Richmond community by understanding the complex nature of social issues as essential to their successful amelioration via perspectives of life and social sciences. Toward this end, expertise from the social sciences, the life sciences and the community are integrated. Includes a service-learning experience (a 20-hour volunteer requirement). Crosslisted as: PSYC 307.

LFSC 391. Special Topics in Integrative Life Sciences. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated for credit with different topics. A 300-level study of a selected topic in integrative life sciences. Students will find specific topics and prerequisites for each special topics course listed in the Schedule of Classes. If multiple topics are offered, students may elect to take more than one.

LFSC 401. Faith and Life Sciences. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV 200 or HONR 200. Open to students of any school or program. Explores the complex relationships between faith traditions and the life sciences. Topics include epistemology, impact of life sciences on ideas of fate and responsibility, limits of science and technology, and scientific and religious perspectives on human origins, consciousness, aggression, forgiveness, health, illness and death. Crosslisted as: RELS 401.

LFSC 491. Special Topics in Integrative Life Sciences. 1-4 Hours.

Semester course; 1-4 lecture hours. 1-4 credits. May be repeated for credit with different topics. A 400-level study of a selected topic in integrative life sciences. Students will find specific topics and prerequisites for each special topics course listed in the Schedule of Classes. If multiple topics are offered, students may elect to take more than one.