Tips for navigating copyright and course materials:
What to do if the materials you want aren't available through the library, aren't freely available online, or don't fall under fair use:
You may be familiar with a copyright "rule" that says sharing one chapter of a book or 10% of a work is not infringement. However, this is not a true rule you can rely on. It is not recognized by courts, and it not a substitute for a fair use analysis, which must always be done on a case-by-case basis.
To share copies of copyrighted works in the classroom or online (like through Blackboard), it is best practice to perform a fair use analysis and keep a copy of your analysis (like a fair use checklist) on hand.
The University of Georgia System has developed a fair use checklist that applies well to teaching and course materials. This checklist can be used to assist you as you determine whether or not your proposed use falls under fair use.
Face-to-face instruction exceptions (17 U.S. Code § 110(1)) permit the performance and display of copyrighted works without permission or payment when all of the following requirements are met:
This exception does not, however, apply to making or distributing copies of copyrighted works. When making or distributing copies, instructors must rely on fair use or seek permission from copyright holders.
Virtual instruction is when a course is taught entirely online or when components of a face-to-face course are taught online (such as with Blackboard) and may include digitally transmitting class materials to students. Transmitting performances or displays of copyrighted works may be authorized under the TEACH Act (17 U.S. Code § 110(1)), which was enacted to allow comparable instruction in the online environment as to what takes place in a traditional classroom or face-to-face instruction.
The TEACH Act does not apply to materials shared online for supplementary reading, viewing, or listening. Instructors will need to rely on fair use for decisions about these materials.
There are numerous requirements for teaching, technology, and course materials that instructors must meet to qualify for the TEACH Act exceptions.
See UNC Charlotte's TEACH Act Toolkit for more information.