Critical Care

About the Division

With a growing team of dedicated faculty, the Division of Critical Care provides compassionate patient care, invests in students and trainees through robust, hands-on education and conducts innovative bench and clinical research to improve the quality of care for the sickest children in the hospital.

Our team rotates through the Children’s Hospital of Richmond (CHoR), which houses the largest pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Virginia with 20 beds, and will expand to 24 by the year 2023. With round-the-clock attendings in the unit, we admit more than 1,000 critically ill children each year. We also care for patients in the 14-bed PICU at St. Mary’s Hospital, which has close to 500 admissions every year.

Using a family-centered, collaborative approach in state-of-the-art pediatric facilities, we treat the sickest infants and children who are hospitalized for a broad range of life-threatening illnesses:

  • Cardiovascular conditions (including extracorporeal life support)
  • Respiratory failures and severe asthma (including high-frequency oscillatory ventilation)
  • Endocrine and metabolism conditions (including complications from diabetes)
  • Fluid, electrolyte and renal diseases
  • Gastrointestinal conditions
  • Infectious diseases (including septic shock)
  • Neuromuscular conditions
  • Poisoning and environmental injuries
[View Image]

“In the PICU, you need to like working with others, because we are one of the nodes of the system. We really interact with the whole hospital, which makes it interesting, and you have to like those interactions to be a good intensivist.”

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D.

Education

Medical Students

Medical students rotate through the inpatient floors during their M3 clerkship and M4 acting internship. Students learn alongside residents and get face-to-face feedback from the PICU attending or fellow.

We also facilitate simulation sessions for students, which allows them to gain practical experience and confidence in handling the first five minutes of an emergency before the ICU team arrives.

Read about electives for medical students

Residents

Pediatric residents can expect to take care of the sickest patients in the Greater Richmond Region during their PGY-2 and PGY-3 rotations through the PICU. In addition to extensive critical care training and bedside teaching, trainees receive regular feedback from attendings and fellows.

Designed to foster individual interests, the pediatrics residency curriculum includes elective rotations each year, with the opportunity to choose critical care as a subspecialty track.

Learn about our residency

Fellows

For more than 30 years, our three-year fellowship program has trained physicians to treat and manage life-threatening illnesses in critically ill children, address difficult ethical questions in patient care, conduct scientific research and practice teaching skills for learners at all levels.

Accredited by the ACGME, this fellowship participates in the National Residency Match Program for pediatric critical care medicine.

Explore our pediatric critical care fellowship

Research

As academic physicians, we are proud to contribute to the field of pediatric critical beyond the scope of our own division by engaging in innovative bench and clinical research. Two faculty members conduct animal model and in-vitro studies in labs on campus, and we publish more than 25 peer-reviewed articles each year. Our clinical research covers a broad range of areas:

  • Transfusion medicine
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Respiratory failure
  • Effects of noise and light in the ICU
  • Parental stress related to consenting to procedures

We also maintain active involvement and leadership roles in national and international collaborative research groups, including the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network, the Pediatric Neurocritical Care Research Group and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators Network.

Explore our pediatric research

Faculty

Jesse Bain, D.O. [View Image]

Jesse Bain, D.O.

Critical Care

Jesse Bain, D.O. [View Image]

Jesse Bain, D.O.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Assistant Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Jesse Bain, D.O. at CHoR

Jasvinder Dhillon, M.D. [View Image]

Jasvinder Dhillon, M.D.

Critical Care

Jasvinder Dhillon, M.D. [View Image]

Jasvinder Dhillon, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Clinical Professor

Jasvinder S. Dhillon, M.D. at CHoR

Nikki Miller Ferguson, M.D. [View Image]

Nikki Miller Ferguson, M.D.

Critical Care

Nikki Miller Ferguson, M.D. [View Image]

Nikki Miller Ferguson, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Nikki Miller Ferguson, M.D. at CHoR

Kara Greenfield, D.O. [View Image]

Kara Greenfield, D.O.

Critical Care

Kara Greenfield, D.O. [View Image]

Kara Greenfield, D.O.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Assistant Clinical Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Kara Greenfield at CHoR

Jahee Hong, M.D. [View Image]

Jahee Hong, M.D.

Critical Care

Jahee Hong, M.D. [View Image]

Jahee Hong, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Assistant Clinical Professor

Jahee Hong, M.D. at CHoR

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D. [View Image]

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D.

Critical Care

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D. [View Image]

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Professor
Chief, Division of Critical Care

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Oliver Karam, M.D., Ph.D. at CHoR

Mark Marinello, M.D. [View Image]

Mark Marinello, M.D.

Critical Care

Mark Marinello, M.D. [View Image]

Mark Marinello, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Mark Marinello, M.D. at CHoR

Norma Maxvold, M.D. [View Image]

Norma Maxvold, M.D.

Critical Care

Norma Maxvold, M.D. [View Image]

Norma Maxvold, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Norma Maxvold, M.D. at CHoR

Alia O’Meara, M.D. [View Image]

Alia O’Meara, M.D.

Critical Care

Alia O’Meara, M.D. [View Image]

Alia O’Meara, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Alia O’Meara, M.D. at CHoR

Michael Miller, M.D. [View Image]

Michael Miller, M.D.

Critical Care

Michael Miller, M.D. [View Image]

Michael Miller, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Clinical Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Michael Miller, M.D. at CHoR

Vu Nguyen, M.D. [View Image]

Vu Nguyen, M.D.

Critical Care

Vu Nguyen, M.D. [View Image]

Vu Nguyen, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Assistant Professor

Vu Nguyen, M.D. at CHoR

Michelle Olson, M.D. [View Image]

Michelle Olson, M.D.

Critical Care

Michelle Olson, M.D. [View Image]

Michelle Olson, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Assistant Professor

View Faculty Expertise Profile

Michelle Olson, M.D. at CHoR

Sunana Singh, M.D. [View Image]

Sunana Singh, M.D.

Critical Care

Sunana Singh, M.D. [View Image]

Sunana Singh, M.D.

Critical Care

Pediatrics

Associate Clinical Professor

View graphic version