Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Tomasz Kordula


In neurodegenerative diseases, the CNS becomes inflamed through activation of pathways, including the NF-B pathway. Some of the therapies for those diseases target neuroinflammatory pathways. Here, we explore the mechanisms for the upregulation of a subset of genes following a restimulation of the NF-B pathway. We discover that this upregulation occurs independent of IRF1 expression and type 1 interferon signaling. A knockdown of IRF1 using siRNA and an inhibition of JAK proteins using inhibitor AG490 both had no effect on priming. A secreted factor was found to upregulate the expression of both this subset of genes and genes encoding pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by NF-B activation. We also explored the role of IRF1 in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis. We found that the deletion of IRF1 from oligodendrocytes diminished EAE severity. A deletion of IRF1 from myeloid cells within mice did not diminish EAE severity, however showed a promising decrease in the expression of certain inflammatory genes. Thus, IRF1 plays a critical role in fine-tuning inflammatory responses in the brain.


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