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Children of Circumstance: Part II

A History Of The First 125 Years  Of The Chicago Child Care Society (1849-1974). By: Clare L. McCausland (Note 1: The material that follows consists of long excerpts from the book and copied here with permission of the Chicago Child Care Society.) (Note 2: The Chicago Child Care Society is the oldest child welfare organization… Continue Reading »

Children of Circumstance: Part I

A History Of The First 125 Years (1849-1974) Of The Chicago Child Care Society. By: Clare L. McCausland (Note 1: The material that follows consists of long excerpts from the book and copied here with permission of the Chicago Child Care Society.) (Note 2: The Chicago Child Care Society is the oldest child welfare organization… Continue Reading »

Chicago Child Care Society

Introduction: The Chicago Child Care Society (CCCS) is the oldest child welfare organization in Illinois. Founded in 1849 as the Chicago Orphan Asylum, the agency exists to protect vulnerable children and strengthen their families by providing high quality and effective child welfare services. A rare and informative history of this pioneering child welfare agency is… Continue Reading »

Boy’s Town

Introduction: In 1917, Father Edward J. Flanagan, a young, immigrant priest from Ireland became discouraged in his work with transient, poor and homeless men in Omaha, Nebraska. He asked his Bishop if he could shift his ministry to helping boys and the Bishop approved of the change. To begin, Father Flanagan borrowed $90 from a… Continue Reading »

Big Brother and Big Sister Federation

Early in the twentieth century, men in both Cincinnati, OH and New York City began to serve as so-called volunteer big brothers, or friends and advisers to fatherless boys. Continue Reading »

Association for the Improvement the Condition of the Poor

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American Seaman’s Friend Society

  The ASFS was officially founded in 1828, with trustees from such port cities as Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston and Savannah. The first general agent was Reverend Joshua Leavitt, a temperance lecturer for the American Temperance Society and a revivalist who was an anti-slavery leader and a charter member of the Liberty Party of 1840. The… Continue Reading »

American Red Cross

  Clara Barton and a circle of acquaintances founded the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881. Barton first heard of the Swiss-inspired International Red Cross Movement while visiting Europe following the Civil War. Returning home, she campaigned for an American Red Cross society and for ratification of the Geneva Convention protecting… Continue Reading »

American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (1920-present) The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) was founded in 1920 by Roger Baldwin, Crystal Eastman and others. The stated goal of ACLU is to “defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person by the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution and laws of the… Continue Reading »

American Association of Public Welfare Officials

In 1930, as the financial depression progressed President Herbert Hoover appealed to the association to assist in developing public relief programs in the different states, counties and cities. Thus, the initial project of the new association was to help President Herbert Hoover’s Emergency Committee for Employment (later named the President’s Organization for Unemployment Relief) in gathering information on the need for emergency public relief and to develop plans on how to meet those needs throughout the country.Continue Reading »

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