Contact for reprints or pdf copies.

in press

Zinnert J.C., Nippert J.B., Rudgers J.A., Pennings S.C., González G., Alber M., Baer S.G., Blair J.M., Burd A., Collins S.L., Craft C., Di Iorio D., Dodds W.K., Groffman P.M., Herbert E., Hladik C., Li F., Litvak M.E., Newsome S., O'Donnell J.O., Pockman W.T., Schalles J., D.R. Young. 2021. State changes: insights from the U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network. Ecosphere Special Feature: Forecasting Earth's Ecosytems with Long-Term Ecological Research. 



Brown J.K, J.C. Zinnert. Trait-based investigation reveals patterns of community response to nutrient enrichment in coastal mesic grassland. Diversity Special Issue: Biodiversity in Coastal Ecosystems, 13:19.


Woods N.N, J.C. Zinnert. Soil salinity impacts future community composition of coastal forests. Wetlands 40: 1495-1503. 

Brown J.K., J.C. Zinnert. Topography and disturbance influence trait-based community composition and productivity of adjacent habitats in a coastal system. Ecosphere 11:e03139. 

Wood L.K, Hays, S., J.C. Zinnert. 2020. Decreased temperature variance associated with biotic composition enhances coastal shrub encroachment. Scientific Reports 10:8210.

Kirschner A., J.C. Zinnert. 2020. Two low-lying coastal grassland species differ in mechanistic response to saline flooding stress. Plant Ecology 221:475-485. 

Stallins J.A., Hsu, L-C., Zinnert, J.C., J.K. Brown. 2020. How bottom-up and top-down controls shape dune topographic variability along the U.S. Virginia barrier islnad coast and the inference of dune dynamical properties. Journal of Coastal Conservation 24:30. 

Gaiser E.E., D. Bell, M.C.N. Castorani, D.L. Childers, P.M. Groffman, R. Jackson, J.S. Kominoski, D.P.C. Peters, S. Pickett, J. Ripplinger, J.C. Zinnert. 2020. Long-term ecological research and the changing theoretical paradigms of distrubance ecology. Bioscience 70: 141-156.

Sinclair M.N., N.N. Woods, and J.C Zinnert. 2020. Seasonal facilitative and competitive trade-offs between shrub seedlings and coastal grasses. Ecosphere 11:e02995.

Halbritter A.H., H.J. De Boeck, A.E. Eycott, D. Robinson, S. Vicca, B. Berauer, C.T. Christiansen, M. Estiarte, J.M. Grünzweig, R. Gya, K. Hansen, A. Jentsch, H. Lee, S. Linder, J. Marshall, J. Peuelas, I.K. Schmidt,  S. Reinsch, P. Wilfahrt. ClimMani working group, and V. Vandvik. 2020. Handbook for the standardized field measurements in terrestrial global-change experiments. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 11: 22-37. Co-authored 4 protocols

a. Zinnert JC, Wood LK, Johnson D, De Boeck H. Pressure-Volume Curves.

b. Zinnert JC, Wood LK, Johnson D, De Boeck H. Stomatal Conductance.

c. Miller M, Zinnert JC, Johnson D. Psychrometry.

d. Lembrechts J, Zinnert JC, Mänd P, De Boeck H, Porcar Castell, JA. Chlorophyll Fluorescence.


Woods N.N., B.L. Dows, E.B. Goldstein, L.J. Moore, D.R. Young, and J.C. Zinnert. 2019. Interaction between seed dispersal and environmental filtering affects woody encroachment patterns in coastal grassland. Ecosphere 10:e02818.

Zinnert J.C., Via, S.M, Nettleton B.P., Tuley, P.A., Moore, L.J., and J.A. Stallins. 2019. Connectivity in coastal systems: barrier island vegetation influences upland migration in a changing climate. Global Change Biology 25: 2419-2430.



Wright, L.D., Syvitski, J.P.M., Nicols, C.R., and J.C. Zinnert. 2018. Coastal morphodynamics and ecosystem dynamics. In: Tomorrows Coasts: Complex and Impermanent. Eds (Wright, L.D., Nichols, C.R.) Springer Nature. 

Nichols, C.R., Zinnert, J.C., and D. Young. 2018. Degradation of coastal ecosystems: causes and impacts. In: Tomorrows Coasts: Complex and Impermanent. Eds (Wright, L.D., Nichols, C.R.) Springer Nature.

Huang, H., Zinnert, J.C., Wood, L.K., Young, D.R. and P. D'Odorico. 2018. A non-linear shift from grassland to shrubland in temperate barrier islands. Ecology 99: 1671-1681.

Goldstein, E.B., Mullins, E.V., Moore, L.J., Biel, R.G., Brown, J.K., Hacker, S.D., Jay, K.R., Mostow, R.S., Ruggiero, P., and J.C. Zinnert. 2018. Literature based latitudinal distribution and possible range shifts of two US east coast dune grass species (Uniola paniculata and Ammophila breviligulata). PeerJ 6:e4932.

Brown, J.K., Zinnert, J.C. 2018. Mechanisms of surviving burial: dune grass interspecific differences drive resource allocation after sand deposition. Ecosphere, 9:e02162.

Brown, J.K., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2018. Emergent interactions influence functional traits and success of dune building ecosystem engineers. Journal of Plant Ecology, 11:524-532. *Editor's Choice


Shilfett, S.A., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Functional traits of expanding, thicket forming shrubs: strategies between exotic and native species. Ecosphere 8(9):c01918.

Harris, A.L., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Differential responses of barrier island dune grasses to species interactions and burial. Plant Ecology, 218:609-619.

Thompson, J.A., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Microclimate modification enhances native shrub encroachment. Ecosphere, 8:e01687.

Zinnert, J.C., Stallins, J.A., Brantley, S.T. and D.R. Young. 2017. Crossing scales: complexity of barrier island processes for predicting future change. Bioscience, 67:39-52.

Via, S.M., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2017. Multiple metrics quanitfy and differentiate resonses of vegetation to a common explosives mixture. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 64:56-64.


Via, S.M., Zinnert, J.C., and D. R. Young. 2016. Legacy effects of explosive contamination on vegetative communities. Open Journal of Ecology, 6: 496-508. 

Bissett, S.N., Zinnert, J.C., and D.R. Young. 2016. Woody expansion facilitates liana expansion and affects physical structure in temperate coastal communities. Ecosphere, 7: e01383 

Zinnert, J.C., Shiflett, S.A., Via, S.M., Dows, B., Manley, P.V. and D.R. Young. 2016. Spatio-temporal dynamics in barrier island upland vegetation: the overlooked coastal landscape. Ecosystems 19: 685-697  

Zinnert, J.C., Brantley, S.T., and D.R. Young. Correspondence: Bistability and the future of barrier islands. Nature Climate Change, 6: 5-6.

Via, S.M. and J.C. Zinnert. Impacts of explosive coumpounds on vegetation: a need for community scale investigations. Environmental Pollution, 208: 495-505. 


Feagin, R.A., J. Figlus, J. Zinnert, J. Sigren, M.L. Martinez, R. Silva Casarin, W.K. Smith, D. Cox, D. Young, and G. Carter. 2015. Going with the flow or against the grain? The promise of nature-based solutions for protecting beaches, dunes, and barrier islands.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13: 203-210. 

Via S.M., J.C. Zinnert, and D.R. Young. 2015. Differential effects of two explosive compounds on seed germination and seedling morphology of a native coastal shrub, Morella cerifera. Ecotoxicology, 24: 194-201.


Ali .A, J.C. Zinnert, M. Balasubramaniam, P. Yanhui, S-M Chung, and C.N. Stewart. 2014. Physiological and transcriptional responses of Baccharis halimifolia in Comp B (RDX/TNT) amended soil.  Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21: 8261-8270.

Bissett, S.N., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2014. Linking habitat with associations of woody vegetation and vines on tow mid-Atlantic barrier islands.  Journal of Coastal Research 30: 843-850.

Guglielmo, L., F. Azzaro, C. Baviera, A. Bergamasco,S.N. Bissett, C. Brugnano, G. Caruso, F. Decembrini, A.L. Garey, A. Granata, C. Cugliandolo, V. Lentini, M.A. Lo Gullo, T.L. Maugeri, M. Pansera, F. Raimondo, L.P. Rodriguez-Vlades, L.A. Smock, S. Spano, P. Trifilo, J.K. Vick, D.R. Young, G. Zagami, J.C. Zinnert and R. Minutoli.  2014. Multidisciplinary ecological assessment of the Alcantara River (Sicily, Italy) using Bioindicators.  Marine and Freshwater Research 65: 283-305.

Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2014.  Conservation of functional traits leads to shrub expansion across a chronosequence of shrub thicket development.  Trees 28:849-858.

Shiflett S.A., J.C. Zinnert, and D.R. Young. 2014. Coordination of leaf N, structure, photosynthetic capacity and hydraulics in the face of environmental controls enhances evergreen expansive potential. Trees Structure and Function, 28: 1635-1644.

Via, S.M., J.C. Zinnert, A.D. Butler and D.R. Young.  2014. Comparative plant physiological responses to RDX, TNT, and Composition B contaminated soils.  Environmental and Experimental Botany 99: 67-74.


Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2013.  Seasonal patterns of light availability and light use of broadleaf evergreens in a deciduous forest understory: Potential mechanisms for expansion.  Open Journal of Ecology 3: 151-160.

Shiflett, S.A., J.C. Zinnert and D.R. Young.  2013.  Changes in composition and structure during restoration of maritime communities.  Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 140: 89-100.

Zinnert, JC, SA Shiflett and DR Young.  2013.  Plant functional traits of a shrub invader relative to sympatric native shrubs.  Ecosphere 4(10): Article 119.

 Zinnert, J.C., S. Via and D.R. Young.  2013. Distinguishing natural from anthropogenic stress in plants: physiology, fluorescence and hyperspectral reflectance.  Plant and Soil 366:133–141.


Aguilar, C., J.C. Zinnert M. Jose Polo, and D.R. Young.  2012.  NDVI as an indicator for changes in water availability to woody vegetation.  Ecological Indicators 23: 290-300.

Zinnert, J.C.  2012.  Plants as phytosensors: physiological responses of a woody plant in response to RDX exposure and potential for remote detection.  International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 1-11.

Zinnert, J.C., J.D. Nelson, and A.M. Hoffman.  2012. Effects of salinity on physiological responses and the photochemical reflectance index in two co-occurring coastal shrubs.  Plant and Soil 345: 41-44.


Zinnert, J.C., S.A. Shiflett, J.K. Vick, and D.R. Young.  2011.  Woody vegetative cover dynamics in response to recent climate change on an Atlantic barrier island: remote sensing approach.  Invited publication, Geocarto International Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Coastal System Dynamics", 26: 595-612. 

Young, D.R., S.T. Brantley, J.C. Naumann, and J.K. Vick.  2011.  Landscape position and habitat polygons in a dynamic coastal barrier environment.  Ecosphere 2: Article 71.

Brantley, S.T. J.C. Naumann and D.R. Young.  2011. Application of hyperspectral vegetation indices to detect variations of high leaf area index temperate shrub thicket canopies.  Remote Sensing of Environment 115: 514-523.



Recent news

Congratulations Dr. Natasha Woods for being named one of the top inspiring black scientists in America! You are always an inspiration to us.

Congratulations Joe Brown for his second dissetation chapter published in the Special Issue "Biodiversity in Coastal Ecosystems": Trait-based investigation reveals patterns of community response to nutrient enrichment in coastal mesic grassland

Congratulations Shannon Walker and Nicole Keller for successfully defending their MS theses!

Emily Riffe was awarded the Garden Club of Virginia's 2020 Conservation and Environmental Studies Fellowship for her project "Native and invasice dune grasses: importance of belowground traits and biotic interactions." Well done Emily!




View graphic versionView graphic version