Norman V. Carroll, Ph.D.
Professor
Department of Pharmacotherapy & Outcomes Science
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  •   McGuire Hall, Room 211
  • School of Pharmacy
    Dept of Pharmacotherapy & Outcomes Science

    410 N 12th Street
    P.O. Box 980533
    Richmond, VA 23298-0533
  •  (804) 828-2587
    (804) 628-3991

Area of Focus

  • Cost Analysis
  • Managed Care Pharmacy
  • Pharmacy Economics
  • Pharmacy pricing and reimbursement
  • Prescription drug insurance
  • Specialty pharmacy

Education

  • B.S., Pharmacy (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976)
  • M.S., Pharmacy Administration (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1979)
  • Ph.D., Pharmacy Administration (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1982)

Professional Experience

  • 7/1/1994 - Present. Professor, VCU School of Pharmacy
  • 5/1989 - 7/1994. Associate Professor, VCU School of Pharmacy
  • 1982 - 1989. Assistant and Associate Professor, University of Georgia

Publications

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Books/Book Chapters

  • Carroll, N.V., Financial Management for Pharmacists: a Decision Making Approach, 3rd Edition. Baltimore, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007.
  • Carroll NV., “Pricing Pharmaceutical Services,” in Marketing for Pharmacists. American Pharmaceutical Association Publications, Washington, DC. 2007.
  • Carroll NV. “Channels of Distribution,” in Marketing for Pharmacists. American Pharmaceutical Association Publications, Washington, DC. 2007.

Recent Publications

  • Carroll, N.V., Brusilovsky, I., Oscar, R., York, B., “A Comparison of the Cost of Retail and Mail-order Pharmacy," Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 45:336-343, 2005.
  • Carroll, N.V., Mitchell, M.P., Cannon, H.E., York, B.W., Oscar, R.S., “Evaluating Health Plan Members’ Use of an On-Line Prescription Drug Price Comparison Tool,” Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy, 16(9):680-692, 2010.
  • Pakyz A.L., Carroll N.V., Harpe S.E., Oinonen M., Polk R.E.. Economic Impact of Clostridium difficile Infection in a Multihospital Cohort of U.S. Academic Health Centers, Pharmacotherapy, 31(6):546-551, 2011.
  • Kovacs, P.J., Perkins, N.H., Nuschke, EC, Carroll, NV. "How End-stage Renal Disease Patients Manage the Medicare Part D Coverage Gap", Health & Social Work, 37(4):225-33, 2012.
  • Carroll, N.V., Rupp, M.T., and Holdford, D.A., “Analysis of Costs to Dispense Prescriptions in Independently Owned, Closed-Door Long-Term Care Pharmacies”, Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy, 20(3):291-300, 2014.
  • Kaisaeng, N. and Carroll, N.V., “Out-of-Pocket Costs and Oral Cancer Medication Discontinuation in the Elderly”, Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy, 20(7):669-676, 2014.
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