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Residency Selection Criteria

Pathology Residency Selection Criteria

All residents must have passed Step I and Step II (Clinical Knowledge and Clinical Skills) of the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) or COMLEX Level I and Level II, prior to their first day of employment.

All applicants must:

  1. Present three letters of reference from United States or Canadian physicians/dentists who have personal knowledge of the applicant's clinical abilities.
  2. Be within four years of graduation from medical school or direct patient care activity (either as an independent practitioner or a resident in an ACGME or AOA accredited residency). Nonclinical graduate work (e.g., research) in the United States or Canada does not meet this requirement.
  3. Have documentation of a minimum of three months direct patient care activity in the United States or Canada in the last 4 years. Clinical rotations during medical school will suffice for US and Canadian students. For international medical graduates, externships of direct patient care in the United States or Canada will suffice; clinical and non-clinical observerships & non-clinical graduate experiences (i.e. research) do not meet this requirement.
  4. Any ECFMG certified applicant who has not been in a United States or Canadian residency program within 18 months of being issued their ECFMG certificate must take the Test of English as a Foreign Language Exam (TOEFL), and obtain a score of at least 600 before beginning their residency. The Test of Spoken English (TSE) and the Test of Written English exams are also required.

For more information about selection criteria, please visit our FAQ page.


VCU Health System Resident Eligibility and Selection (pdf)

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