Document Type

Article

Original Publication Date

2018

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities

Volume

43

Issue

3

First Page

131

Last Page

144

DOI of Original Publication

https://doi.org/10.1177/1540796918777730

Comments

This is the postprint version of an article which originally appeared in Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities 43:3 (131-144), May 29, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1540796918777730. This version does not reflect the minimal final publisher-requested edits. This paper was funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR grant number #90RT5041).

Date of Submission

May 2020

Abstract

Progress toward competitive integrated employment (CIE) for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) over the last 40 years has been mixed. Despite evidence showing that supported employment interventions can enable adults with IDD to effectively get and keep jobs, national rates of integrated employment remain below a third of the working-age population. Progress is being made to improve these outcomes. Pathways have been identified that lead to CIE through supported employment, customized employment, internship experiences, and postsecondary education. The recent passage of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) has created fresh momentum and increased the onus on interagency collaboration. This article examines what is known about promoting CIE through these pathways and highlights recommendations for future research and policy change. Recommendations for the future provide direction toward positive change for CIE into the 21st century.

Rights

© SAGE Publications

Is Part Of

VCU Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Publications

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