Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation





DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

Date of Submission

December 2015


Injection treatment to the glenohumeral joint is often needed to treat shoulder problems such as adhesive capsulitis. This can be done through blind palpation technique and fluoroscopic or musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance. In recent years, ultrasound has been proven to increase the accuracy of needle placement into the glenohumeral joint. Ultrasound is radiation free and offers real-time images in performing needle-guided injection procedures.

Glenohumeral joint injection can be done using the anterior rotator interval approach or the posterior approach technique. Both techniques are generally well tolerated by the patients. However, it was shown that the posterior injection technique offers an easier and a more effective approach to the glenohumeral joint with less extravasation rate as compared with the anterior approach. The posterior approach also avoids the potential risk of accidental puncture or injection into the axillary neurovascular structures. A linear transducer of 5–12 MHz is usually used. This technique is often applied to inject corticosteroid for the treatment of frozen shoulder or contrast medium for computed tomography or magnetic resonance shoulder arthrography.


Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.

Is Part Of

VCU Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Publications


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