The information below is drawn from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. In order to find a more in-depth explanation of any item below, be sure to buy a copy for yourself or check one out from VCU Libraries.
Select a header below to learn more about APA formatting.
Introduce the idea with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
Ex. 1: According to Campbell (1995), strong coops are important for poultry (p. 21).
Ex. 2: According to Campbell (1995), “When owning poultry, it is important to maintain a secure coop” (p. 21).
WARNING: Avoid quotations unless absolutely necessary.
Venn diagram about APA [View Image]