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Training and Technical Assistance Center

Virginia Department of Education

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Intellectual disabilities

Students with intellectual disabilities represent a diverse group of learners. Like many students, they bring unique challenges, skills, preferences and experiences. 

The American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities defines an intellectual disability as a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem-solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.


The resources listed here represent current research in education, instructional strategies and skill development for promoting meaningful instruction and post-school outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities.

Instructional resources

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