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Smoke billowing from a smoke stack. [View Image] From air pollution and homelessness to coral bleaching and racial inequality, researchers at VCU are examining a host of topics that affect the human condition. (Getty Images)

Research right now

A glance at some of the latest research projects at VCU, on topics ranging from pollution to homelessness.

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Research is a constant at Virginia Commonwealth University. It’s always humming in the background no matter the time of year, or whether we’re in the midst of a pandemic. It takes place in every corner of the university, but it also takes place out in the world. So much of the research at VCU is public impact research — seeking to solve today’s toughest issues, from opioid addiction to climate change to racial inequities.

In fiscal year 2021, VCU’s sponsored research funding reached an all-time high of $363 million, a 25% increase over the previous three years, and this summer VCU launched a new strategic research priorities plan to help further enrich the human condition. There is so much research happening that it can be hard to keep up. Below is a sampling of some current research representing a wide swath of disciplines. 

 VCU College of Engineering chemical and life science engineering professor Stephen S. Fong affixes a monitor on his car to measure local ozone pollution. [View Image]VCU College of Engineering chemical and life science engineering professor Stephen S. Fong affixes a monitor on his car to measure local ozone pollution. (Daniel Wagner, VCU College of Engineering)

In the hottest parts of the city, how polluted is the air?

Important new data is being added to the heat vulnerability map of Richmond that chemical and life science engineering professor Stephen S. Fong, Ph.D., helped create several years ago. Fong and collaborators and volunteers from the Science Museum of Virginia, the University of Richmond and various Richmond-based organizations are expanding the map by adding measurements of two forms of air pollution: particulate matter — tiny pieces of soot and other contamination — and ozone. Read more about studying Richmond’s air pollution.

 Black woman business owner standing in her market [View Image]Historically, economic crises have had a disproportionately negative impact on African Americans and policies aimed at economic recovery have been less beneficial to that group, said Elsie Harper-Anderson. (Getty Images)

Exploring racial inequality in Virginia during COVID-19

Elsie Harper Anderson, Ph.D., an associate professor of urban and regional planning in the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, is studying the pandemic’s disproportionate impact on Black workers and businesses by analyzing industry trends, unemployment data and business performance metrics by race using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Virginia Employment Commission and other government agencies. Read more about Anderson’s research into COVID-19’s economic repercussions for African Americans.

 group of people standing in a circle [View Image]Elizabeth Byland, back center, in a 2019 photo. She is conducting research into how improv can help address homelessness. (Photo courtesy of VCU School of the Arts)

Using improv techniques to help individuals affected by homelessness

Elizabeth Byland, head of improv with the VCU School of the Arts Department of Theatre and director of applied health improv with the Center for Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Care, is exploring how improv can help reduce the stigma of homelessness among health care practitioners by increasing empathy. Read more about Byland’s improv project.

 bleached coral [View Image]Healthy corals live in symbiosis with algae in their tissue, which helps feed the coral through photosynthesis. However, too much heat or light damages cells in corals, resulting in the breakdown of symbiosis and the expulsion of the algae — a process known as coral bleaching. (Getty Images)

Testing a treatment to mitigate coral bleaching

Coral reefs are in danger as the ocean heats up, but College of Engineering researcher Liza Roger, Ph.D., is developing a strategy using nanotechnology to save them. Read more about Roger’s coral bleaching research.

 illustrative stock chart showing unemployment levels [View Image]

How a VCU economist’s project provided essential data early in the pandemic

Business professor Adam Blandin, Ph.D., helped create the Real-Time Population Survey to get faster labor market data during the pandemic, information that was sorely needed by policymakers as the pandemic affected the economy with stunning speed. Read more about the Real-Time Population Survey.

 woman walking between huts in a refugee camp [View Image]A woman walking between huts in a refugee camp. (Courtesy of Miriam Kuttikat)

Sharing their stories: Researchers are studying Horn of Africa migrants in Greater Washington

The research of social work professor Miriam Kuttikat, Ph.D., is shining a light on the challenges facing migrants and refugees from Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Djbouti. Though they are a significant Black migration population in the Washington area, there is a gap in providing mental health and health support services because these populations have been understudied. Read more about Kuttikat’s migrant research project.

 thematic illustration of a doctor helping a patient climb out of a bottle of opioids [View Image]

Amid a worsening opioid crisis, VCU’s MOTIVATE Clinic is delivering results

Current studies at the Multidisciplinary Outpatient Addiction Treatment (MOTIVATE) Clinic, which provides integrated care to more than 400 patients a month with substance abuse disorders, include assessing safe medication storage practices among parents; testing whether an insomnia drug can help with side effects caused by another drug used to treat opioid use disorder; and examining the effect of chronic opioid use on the collection of bacteria in people’s guts. Read more about the MOTIVATE Clinic.

 The Robert E. Lee monument in June 2020, covered in graffiti [View Image]The Robert E. Lee monument in June 2020. VCU's Humanities Research Center brings together faculty and graduate students from different departments across VCU with common research interests. Among them: a new research group called Memory and Monuments, which seeks to investigate issues of race, power and memory, mainly focused around local Confederate monuments and African American landmarks. (Max Schlickenmeyer, University Marketing)

Supporting humanities research and collaboration among scholars

The Humanities Research Center supports the research efforts of faculty and graduate students in many ways, such as by offering nine research and working groups that bring together faculty and graduate students from different departments to study topics like critical environment thought and LGBTQ studies. It also offers annual residential fellowships organized around a central theme: This year’s is “Race, Ethnicity and Social Justice.” Read more about what the Humanities Research Center does.

 Photo in the foreground of a water feature with plants and standing water. In the background is an L-shaped building. [View Image]The 14,000-square-foot VCU Rice Rivers Center Research Facility includes offices, collaborative/teaching spaces and state-of-the-art research laboratories for VCU students, faculty, staff and research partners. (Allen Jones, University Marketing)

A research gem for the river

The newly opened Rice Rivers Center Research Facility provides VCU students, faculty, staff and research partners who study river ecosystem topics at the 474-acre property with lab and collaboration space to analyze samples and data collected on-site. They can even pump water directly from the James River into the labs, providing a controlled environment for a range of discoveries. Read more about the new research facility.

  [View Image]Using a novel statistical model, VCU’s Ananda Amstadter and her team have found that about 50% of resilience can be explained by genetic factors. (Getty Images)

Cracking the code for resilience

Why are some people better able to cope with stress and trauma than others? Psychiatry professor Ananda Amstadter, Ph.D., and colleagues are using data from one of the Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics’ twin registries to study how much influence DNA has on a person’s resilience. Read more about Amstadter’s findings.

 Picture of a woman with lab equipment. [View Image]Karolina Aberg, Ph.D., an associate professor at VCU School of Pharmacy’s Center for Biomarker Research and Precision Medicine and co-director of the VCU Genomics Core, said she hopes an ongoing research project "will help autism patients and their families receive the care that will help them thrive." (Allen Jones, University Marketing)

New study aims for early detection of autism to help patients thrive

Two pharmacy professors are embarking on a study of humans’ genetic makeup that will involve completing one of the largest and most thorough scans of the methylome, the set of chemical instructions that regulates the activity of human genes. The aim of their work is to be able to identify infants who have high risk of developing autism so they can receive early care that could help them thrive. Read more about the genetic research.

 Portrait of man in mask and jacket next to Transplant Clinics sign. [View Image]Gaurav Gupta. “We can reassure patients that there is a very low likelihood they will ever get hepatitis C.”

Transplant research expands organ access and supports lower-income patients

For the past few years, researchers at VCU Health’s Hume-Lee Transplant Center have studied a unique process that allows transplant teams to safely and effectively transplant kidneys from hepatitis C-positive deceased donors into recipients who do not have the disease. This gives more people who need one a chance of getting a kidney during a national organ shortage. Read more about VCU’s unique protocols and the research that went into it.

 pregnant woman struggling with stress [View Image]A new clinical trial will offer community members experiencing depression while pregnant with opportunities to take part in activities designed to increase social connectedness and strengthen their emotional health and well-being. (Getty Images)

Pregnant individuals experiencing depression will have access to mindfulness activities through a VCU study

Nearly 20% of women experience depression during pregnancy, but their condition often goes untreated. Two professors from the School of Nursing and the College of Humanities and Sciences are conducting a clinical trial to gauge the effectiveness of mindfulness activities and social connectedness, both of which are low-cost, easily accessible interventions that don’t require a prescription. Read more about the project and how it serves Richmond’s minority, low-income or low-education community members.

 Three women in lab coats examine a sample. [View Image]From left: Melissa Jamerson, Ph.D., Jenica L. Harrison, Ph.D., and Lisa Perkins, all of the Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, are part of a team that is testing the effectiveness of antimicrobial wipes in the health care setting as well as in the educational laboratory environment. (Jackie Lewis, VCU College of Health Professions)

Antimicrobial wipes in health care: how effective are they?

Researchers from the College of Health Professions and the School of Medicine are evaluating the efficacy of PDI Super Sani-Cloth and PDI Sani-Cloth AF3 germicidal disposable wipes to decontaminate lead aprons used in the radiology department at VCU Health, as well as Apple iPad tablet cases used by medical laboratory sciences students during class sessions and clinical rotations in the hospital. Their goal is to inform best practices on how to keep patients, and the health sciences students who are learning to treat them, as safe as possible. Read more about their sanitization study.

 two workers in a back room [View Image]Project PEACE builds on Partnership for People with Disabilities research that shows the benefits of employment for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. (Getty Images)

Project PEACE aims to support employment of youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Led by School of Education researchers, Project PEACE (Promoting Employment After high school through Community Expertise) seeks to build community capacity to sustain employment opportunities for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Richmond and Colonial Heights. The team anticipates around 50 students, 50 families, 15 businesses and up to 25 school personnel will participate in the project, and between 24 and 35 youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities are expected to find paid employment. Read more about Project PEACE.

 Bill Dewey [View Image]Bill Dewey's National Institute on Drug Abuse grant to support the training of predoctoral and postdoctoral pharmacologists in addiction research has renewed it 10 times, and is NIDA’s longest funded institutional training grant. (DeAudrea ‘Sha’ Rich, School of Medicine)

A half-century of research: A look at the legacy of learning behind VCU’s longest funded training grant

This summer a five-year grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to VCU’s Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology addiction training program was renewed for the 10th time, ensuring continuous funding through 2026 and making it both the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s and VCU’s longest funded institutional training grant. Read more about the program and the research it makes possible.

 Different perspectives of the image of a brain. [View Image]A fMRI image of the MPFC brain region that is blunted for intimate partner aggression, as compared to aggression against close friends and strangers.

Study discovers unique brain signature of intimate partner aggression

A new study led by psychology professor David Chester, Ph.D., used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the brain activity of 51 male-female romantic couples as they experienced intimate partner aggression in real time. They found that aggression toward their partners was associated with aberrant activity in the brain’s medial prefrontal cortex. Read more about their research on intimate partner aggression.

 Illustrated image of organs with the liver highlighted in red. [View Image]A quarter of adults worldwide have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition where excess fat is stored in the liver and is more closely linked to obesity and diabetes than alcohol consumption. (Getty images)

Findings of a VCU study reveal the true burden of the hidden pandemic of fatty liver disease

A longitudinal national study led by Arun Sanyal, M.D., shows that people with advanced liver scarring caused by obesity, diabetes and related disorders are dying of liver disease. Many people believe that only excess alcohol consumption causes liver diseases and may not realize they have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or are at high risk for it. Read more about how the findings create a road map for future treatments of the disease.

  [View Image]B. Frank Gupton, Ph.D., founder and CEO of M4ALL and VCU Engineering’s Floyd D. Gottwald Jr. Chair in Pharmaceutical Engineering. (VCU College of Engineering)

Medicines for All Institute drives down production costs of investigational pill to treat COVID-19

The Medicines for All Institute in the College of Engineering has developed low-cost manufacturing processes for molnupiravir, the first investigational pill to treat COVID-19. These processes are available to any manufacturer. Read more about how this work will expand global availability of the antiviral drug.

 Man wearing a mask smells a lemon [View Image]

Those under 40 more likely than older adults to recover COVID-related smell and taste loss

Using an ongoing survey, researchers in the Smell and Taste Disorders Center at VCU Health have found that sense of smell or taste returns within six months for 4 out of every 5 COVID-19 survivors who have lost these senses. Those under 40 are more likely to recover these senses than older adults. Read more about the research team’s progress in understanding smell and taste loss and recovery.

 Jeanine Guidry [View Image]Jeanine Guidry, assistant professor and director of the Media+Health Lab in the VCU's Richard T. Robertson School of Media and Culture. (Tom Kojcsich, University Marketing)

Variants, misinformation, vaccine hesitancy

She didn’t know it at the time, but social media and health communications expert Jeanine Guidry, Ph.D., in the Richard T. Robertson School of Media and Culture had been preparing for COVID-19 for years. Guidry’s work particularly focuses on effective public messaging in a health crisis. Amid the pandemic, she has been a leading researcher into misinformation about COVID-19 and vaccines and how public health officials can best communicate about the deadly disease. Read more about how her work has pivoted to address COVID-19 communications

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