Before beginning to write your proposal, it is important to take preparatory steps to arm yourself with useful information. Read "Becoming a Successful Principal Investigator" by David A. Stone to get started.
Proposal writing is different from other types of academic writing. Read “Why Academics Have a Hard Time Writing Good Grant Proposals” by Robert Porter to learn why and how to adapt.
Award databases are useful for assessing a sponsor's funding trends, supported projects and award levels to make sure that your expectations are in line with theirs.
A Guide to Proposal Planning and Writing, by Jeremy T. Miner and Lynne E. Miner: This article provides an overview of the key considerations you should take when writing to federal and private sponsors.
On the Art of Writing Proposals, Social Science Research Council: Although aimed at applicants to the Social Science Research Council, this publication offers quality advice that can be applied to any proposal.
One Program Officer's Candid Tips for Grantseekers, by Joel Orosz: Provides critical information for those considering approaching a foundation for support.
Proposal Writing Short Course, the Foundation Center: Essential information from the Foundation Center if you are planning to write a proposal to a private funder.
Getting Your Postdoc Grant – It Takes More than Just Writing, by Dan McCurdy: This is a firsthand account of experiences, impressions and thoughts dealing with the postdoctoral grant process.
Guide to Proposal Development in the Humanities for Graduate Students, University of Kansas.
Office of Extramural Research: Includes detailed information about NIH grants process and funding opportunities, access to forms, explains grants policy and assists with electronic research administration.
New Investigator Guide to NIH Funding: Produced by NIAID, “this document outlines strategies for gaining an NIH grant and explains basic funding concepts and processes to new and would-be principal investigators.”
Center for Scientific Review: Find out which study section will review your NIH application prior to submitting. Here, you can also find tips for applicants, such as the review criteria for each award mechanism.
Funding Policies: Maintained by the NSF Policy Office, this page provides access to the key information related to developing and submitting competitive proposals to the agency, as well as managing awards.
Merit Review: Provides an explanation of the proposal review process and gives guidance on the NSF’s two merit review criteria — Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts.
Postdoc Mentoring Plans: Proposals to the NSF that request funding for postdocs must include a description of mentoring activities they will engage in.
VCU's Corporate and Foundation Relations office works to secure private support for university priorities by fostering relationships with corporations, foundations and other philanthropic organizations. Housed in Central Advancement, the CFR staff works alongside schools, centers and research units on the Monroe Park and MCV campuses to identify and coordinate activities with corporations and foundations to secure support for research, academic and outreach projects.
Before submitting any proposal to a private sponsor, you must notify CFR staff of your intentions.
DMPTool: Many sponsors require that all applications include a data management plan describing how the project will disseminate and share research results. Use the DMPTool to create these plans, see samples and get assistance.
National Institutes of Health: "Should I Contact a Program Officer Before I Apply?"
Robert Porter: “Can We Talk? Contacting Grant Program Officers.” (Research Management Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2009)